The Four Core Strategies of a Good Reader

Clarification
Summarization
Questioning
Prediction

Clarification -- The reader stops and is able to clarify/fix what he/she doesn't understand during reading. Can you say the word? If not, he may chunk it, blend it, look for a base word, or reread it.
Do you know what the word part or word means? If not, he may use context clues, reread, read on, use background knowledge, or make a mind movie.

Summarization -- The reader is able to retell the important events in a passage.

Questioning -- The reader generates his own questions in the text and answers his questions to increase understanding. Who, What did, How did, Where was, When did, Why, Do you think???????????????

Prediction -- The reader uses prior knowledge learned to support what he thinks will happen next in the story.